The prophet Isaiah was sawed in half with a wood saw by order of Manasseh, king of Judah. It was Belkira, also a prophet in Jerusalem, who had accused him.
What was the accusation? Isaiah had called Jerusalem « Sodom, » and had foretold that it would be devastated along with the other cities of Judah.
He also prophesied that the sons of Judah and Benjamin would go into captivity, and that king Manasseh would be put in a cage with iron chains.
Belkira claimed that Isaiah hated Israel and Judah.
But the most serious accusation was that Isaiah had dared to say: « I see further than the prophet Moses ».
Moses had said: « No man shall see the LORD and live. »
Isaiah had contradicted him: « I have seen the LORD, and behold, I am alive. »
Isaiah had told his vision in detail to Hezekiah, king of Judah and father of Manasseh, and to several prophets, including Micah.
Let’s summarize it here. An angel took Isaiah up to the firmament and then to the first six heavens. Finally he reached the seventh heaven. There he saw « someone standing, whose glory was greater than all else, a great and marvelous glory ». The angel said to him: « This is the Lord of all the glory that you have seen ». Isaiah also saw another glorious being, similar to the first. He asked, « Who is this one? ». The angel answered, “Worship him, for this is the angel of the Holy Spirit, who has spoken in you and in the other righteous ones.”
That was just foreplay.
“And my Lord, with the angel of the Spirit, came to me, and said: ‘Behold, thou hast been given to see the LORD; and for thy sake this power is given to the angel that is with thee.’ And I saw that my Lord worshipped, and the angel of the Spirit, and they both glorified the LORD together.”i
Isaiah also claimed to have seen the LORD, Yahweh-God, in the year of the death of King Uzziah (~740). « I saw the LORD sitting on a great and high throne (…) ». And he cried out in anguish: « Woe is me, I am lost! For I am a man of unclean lips, I dwell among a people of unclean lips, and my eyes have seen the King, the LORD of Hosts.”ii
The price to pay for this vision was relatively small. A seraphim flew to Isaiah, and touched his mouth with an ember caught with pliers.
It was only later that he finally had to pay with his life for this vision of God: his body was sawed in half.
When Isaiah saw God, the Lord said to him, « Go and tell this people, ‘Listen, listen, and do not understand; look, look, and do not discern’. Make the heart of this people heavy, make their ears hard, swallow up their eyes. »iii
Two lessons can be drawn from these texts.
Firstly, Isaiah sees God face to face in all his glory, but does not die, contrary to what Moses said.
Secondly, though all this divine glory is clearly revealed to Isaiah, it only entrusted him with a rather disappointing and illogical message to deliver on his return to earth.
God sends Isaiah back to his people with a warning that is inaudible, incomprehensible, and above all paradoxical, contradictory. He must tell the people to ‘listen’ to him, but at the same time make them hard of hearing, and incapable to understand.
He must tell them to ‘look’ and and make their eyes glaze over.
Isaiah did not call into question the rather lousy mission he had been given.
Why so much glory given to Isaiah, and at the same time so much severity for the people?
As a matter of strong contrast, let us recall what happened to Ezra.
Ezra also had a vision.
The angels Michael, Gabriel, Raphael and Uriel placed him on a « cloud of flames » and took him to the seventh heaven. But when he got there, unlike Isaiah, Ezra saw only « the back of the Lord, » noting, « I have not deserved to see anything else. »
In front of the Lord’s back, Ezra tried to intervene on behalf of men. He told him without delay and spontaneously: « Lord, spare sinners!”
Then began a rather long quarrel between God and Ezra.
Ezra said, « How righteous are you, how almighty are you, how merciful are you, and how worthy are you? «
He also asked what will happen on Judgment day.
The Lord answered, « The Moon will become blood on the last day, and the sun will flow in its blood. »
This prompted Ezra to reply, « In what has heaven sinned? «
The Lord replied, « This heaven looks down upon the wickedness of mankind. »
Ezra wanted to plead the cause of men once again.
He attacked on a sensitive point, the election.
Ezra: « By the life of the Lord! I am going to plead for good against you because of all the men who have no place among the chosen ones! »
The Lord: « But you will be chosen with my prophets! »
Ezra: « Sinners, who shaped them? »
The Lord: « It’s me. »
Ezra: “If I too, like sinners, was created by you, then it is better to lose myself than the whole world!»iv
Here is a great prophet, Isaiah, who had the great privilege, denied even to Moses, of seeing the glory of God without dying, and who returns to earth with the mission to weigh down the hearts of his people, to make them deaf and blind.
And here is another prophet, Ezra, who could only see the « back of the Lord », but who did not hesitate to plead the cause of men on several occasions, and who said he was ready to renounce his election and to lose himself in exchange for the salvation of the world.
How should this be interpreted?
The Lord agreed to do men a favor, and said to Ezra: « Let sinners rest from their labors from the ninth hour of the Sabbath eve until the second day of the week; but on the other days let them be punished in return for their sins. »
From Friday afternoon until Monday midnight, three and a half days of grace.
One half of the week filled with grace. Half of the time then.
A good result for a prophet admitted to see only the « back of God ».
Think what Isaiah might have gotten if he had only tried to bargain with God.
Maybe, being captivated by his vision of God’s glory did not prepare him to engage God into a serious bargaining….
i The Ascension of Isaiah, 9, 27-40
ii Is. 6, 1-5
iii Is. 6,9-10
ivVision of Esdras, 87-89a